Smart Grid Routing

Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) system and Smart-Meter networks enable the measurement, collect and analyze energy usage, and communicate with metering devices such as electricity meters, heat meters, water meters, gas meters, on request or on schedule.

The EU’s 20-20-20 goals (20% increase in energy efficiency, 20% reduction of CO2 emissions, and 20% renewables by 2020) all depend on the re-configuration of the European electricity grid into a “smart grid”.

elec-grid

The network can be composed of millions of endpoints, including meters, distribution automation elements, and home area network devices, and for a single routing domain, up to 1,000 nodes need to be supported. Compared to traditional Automatic Meter Reading (AMR), it enables two-way communications with the meters. Therefore, di erent kinds of trac patterns, including sensor-to-controller (multipoint-to-point), controller-to-sensor (point-to-multipoint), and sensor-to-sensor (point-to-point), have to be supported in the lossy and low power environments.

The LLN On-demand Ad hoc Distance-vector Routing Protocol – Next Generation (LOADng) is a routing protocol, derived from AODV and extended for use in Low power Lossy Networks (LLNs).

As a reactive protocol, the basic operations of LOAD include generation of Route Requests (RREQs) by a router (originator) for when discovering a route to a destination, forwarding of such RREQs until they reach the destination router, generation of Route Replies (RREPs) upon receipt of a RREQ by the indicated destination, and unicast hop-by-hop forwarding of these RREPs towards the originator. If a route is detected broken, i.e., if forwarding of a data packet to the recorded next hop on the path to the destination is detected to fail, local route repair can be attempted, or a Route Error (RERR) message can be returned to the originator of that data
packet.

 

Related publications:

2017

Clausen, Thomas; Yi, Jiazi; Herberg, Ulrich

Lightweight On-demand Ad hoc Distance-vector Routing - Next Generation (LOADng): Protocol, Extension, and Applicability Journal Article

Computer Networks, 126 , pp. 125-140, 2017, ISSN: 1389-1286.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2016

Clausen, Thomas; de Verdiere, Axel Colin; Yi, Jiazi; Igarashi, Yuichi; Lys, Thierry; Lavenu, Cedric; Herberg, Ulrich; Satoh, Hiroki; Niktash, Afshin; Dean, Justin

ITU G.9903 Narrow-band orthogonal frequency division multiplexing power line communication transceivers for G3-PLC networks: Amendment 1 -- The Lightweight On-demand Ad hoc Distance-vector Routing Protocol - Next Generation (LOADng) Miscellaneous

2016.

Links | BibTeX

2015

Yi, Jiazi; Fuertes, Juan; Clausen, Thomas

Jitter Consideration for Reactive Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) Miscellaneous

2015.

Links | BibTeX

Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas; Herberg, Ulrich

Depth First Forwarding for Unreliable Networks: Extensions and Applications Journal Article

Internet of Things Journal, IEEE, 2 (3), pp. 199–209, 2015.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2014

Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas

Collection Tree Protocol for Lightweight On-demand Ad hoc Distance- vector Routing - Next Generation (LOADng-CT) Miscellaneous

2014.

Links | BibTeX

Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas

Smart Route Request for Lightweight On-demand Ad hoc Distance-vector Routing - Next Generation Miscellaneous

2014.

Links | BibTeX

Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas

Collection Tree Extension of Reactive Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks Journal Article

International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 2014 , pp. e352421, 2014, ISSN: 1550-1329.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas; Herberg, Ulrich

Depth First Forwarding for Low Power and Lossy Networks: Application and Extension Inproceedings

Proceedings of IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things WF-IoT 2014, 2014.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Clausen, Thomas; Yi, Jiazi

Path Accumulation Extensions for the LOADng Routing Protocol in Sensor Networks Inproceedings

Hsu, RobertC.-H.; Wang, Shangguang (Ed.): Internet of Vehicles – Technologies and Services, pp. 150-159, Springer International Publishing, 2014, ISBN: 978-3-319-11166-7.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2013

Clausen, Thomas; Yi, Jiazi; Bas, Antonin; Herberg, Ulrich

A Depth First Forwarding (DFF) Extension for the LOADng Routing Protocol Inproceedings

ASON 2013 Sixth International Workshop on Autonomous Self-Organizing Networks, 2013.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas; Igarashi, Yuichi

Evaluation of Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks: LOADng and RPL Inproceedings

2013 IEEE Conference on Wireless Sensors, 2013.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Yi, Jiazi; Cordero, Juan Antonio; Clausen, Thomas

Jitter Considerations in On-demand Route Discovery for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Inproceedings

The 16th International Conference on Network-Based Information Systems (NBiS-2013), 2013.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Cordero, Juan Antonio; Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas; Baccelli, Emmanuel

Enabling Multihop Communication in Spontaneous Wireless Networks Book Chapter

Haddadi, Hamed; Bonaventure, Olivier (Ed.): Recent Advances in Networking, Chapter 9, pp. 413-457, ACM SIGCOMM, 2013.

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Clausen, Thomas; Camacho, Alberto; Yi, Jiazi; de Verdiere, Axel Colin; Igarashi, Yuichi; Satoh, Hiroki; Morii, Yoko; Herber, Ulrich; Lavenu, Cedric

Interoperability Report for the Lightweight On-demand Ad hoc Distance- vector Routing Protocol - Next Generation (LOADng) Miscellaneous

2013.

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Cordero, Juan Antonio; Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas

Optimization of jitter configuration for reactive route discovery in wireless mesh networks Inproceedings

2013 11th International Symposium on Modeling and Optimization in Mobile, Ad Hoc and Wireless Networks (WiOpt), , IEEE , 2013, ISBN: 978-1-61284-824-2.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

2012

Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas; Bas, Antonin

Smart Route Request for On-demand Route Discovery in Constrained Environments Inproceedings

2012 IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems, 2012.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Bas, Antonin; Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas

Expanding Ring Search for Route Discovery in LOADng Routing Protocol Inproceedings

The 1st International Workshop on Smart Technologies for Energy, Information and Communication, 2012.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX

Yi, Jiazi; Clausen, Thomas; de Verdiere, Axel Colin

Efficient Data Acquisition in Sensor Networks:Introducing (the) LOADng Collection Tree Protocol Inproceedings

IEEE WiCom 2012, The 8th IEEE International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing., 2012.

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Clausen, Thomas; Yi, Jiazi; de Verdiere, Axel Colin

LOADng: Towards AODV Version 2 Inproceedings

2012 IEEE 76th Vehicular Technology Conference, 2012.

Abstract | Links | BibTeX